Automation Libraries in Python

Machines are replacing almost all work that was previously done manually by humans. A lot of corporate and personal tasks, like sending bulk emails, sending keyboard inputs, day-to-day browser works, daily desktop tasks, etc. are automated too. For that similar kind of tasks, there are various automation libraries in python.

Different Types of Automation Libraries in Python

Here is the list of some of the most used python automation libraries and a little description of them.

Selenium

Selenium is an open-source project for a list of tools and libraries to support browser automation. Selenium has extensions for various languages like python, java, and more. In python, you can install the selenium library by using the following cmd command:

pip install selenium

Now, you can import specific classes or tools of selenium to your code simply by using the following codes:

#Import the whole pacakge
import selenium
#Or import only webdriver tools from selenium
from selenium import webdriver
#Or import keyboard tools for selenium
from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys

For more info, you can visit selenium’s official website or PyPI page for python specific instructions. You can also check our example projects on selenium.

RoboBrowser

RoboBrowser is a python library that helps us to browse the web without a standalone web browser. You can fetch a page, click on links or buttons of a website, directly from your python code without needing a browser. It is also used for web scraping purposes. You can install the robobrowser library by using the following cmd command:

pip install robobrowser

You can import robobrowser directly to your code by adding this import code to your source code:

from robobrowser import RoboBrowser

For more info, you can visit robobrowser’s official website or PyPI page for python specific instructions.

mechanize

Mechanize is a python library that gives you a browser-like object to interact with the web pages. It is also a kind of web scraping library but can be used for automation too. To be more specific, mechanize was designed to fill up HTML forms easily without a browser directly through your python code. It has convenient link parsing and following and inbuilt methods for general browser tasks like reloading (.reload()) or back(.back()) that makes working easier. You can install the robobrowser library by using the following cmd command:

pip install mechanize

You can import robobrowser directly to your code by adding this import code to your source code:

import mechanize

For more info, you can visit mechanize’s official website or PyPI page for python specific instructions.

keyboard

This is a small python library used to take full control over your keyboard. This library helps to send keyboard inputs from python code. You can listen and send keyboard events. You can use the functions like .press_and_release() to press a key or .write() to write long sentences. You can also record a set of events and repeat the recorded events by using .play() function whenever you want. You can install the keyboard library by using the following cmd command:

pip install keyboard

You can import the keyboard library directly to your code by adding this import code to your source code:

import keyboard

For more info, you can visit the keyboard’s official website or PyPI page for python specific instructions.

smtplib

Automation Libraries in Python - Example code for smtplib
Automation Libraries in Python – Example code for smtplib

smtplib is a built-in python library that programmatically controls Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. It is used to define an SMTP client session that can be used to send mails to any SMTP or ESMTP listener daemon over the internet. You can send emails, attachments, HTML mails, handle various mail exceptions like recipient not found, server error, etc. directly from your python code using this library. It is a built-in python module so you need not install it and you can directly import the smtplib library to your code by adding this import code to your source code:

import smtplib

For more info, you can visit the keyboard’s official website or PyPI page for python specific instructions.

pyautogui

PyAutoGUI is a GUI automation library of python with integrated keyboard and mouse events. With this library, you can control both your mouse and keyboard from your program. It is used for different purposes like Keyboard and Mouse control, displaying message boxes, taking automated screenshots, and more. This library is supported for both Windows, Linux, and macOS. You can install the pyautogui library by using the following cmd command:

pip install PyAutoGUI

You can import the pyautogui library directly to your code by adding this import code to your source code:

import pyautogui

For more info, you can visit the pyautogui’s official website or PyPI page for python specific instructions.

Conclusion

So now you are familiar with different automation libraries in python and you can use them as per your requirements to automate your regular day-to-day tasks rather than doing them manually.

Posted by Awebisam

I am Awebisam, a tech and economics enthusiast with native roots in Python and JS. Apart from those, TS and Golang are also my type of things.
I work with Django, FastAPI, Vue and Nestjs. Also slightly familiar with Flask, Express, and Svelte.

~ Awebisam, Aashish Bhandari

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